RUMA guidelines for the responsible use of vaccines by fish farmers have been designed to give easy-to-read guiding principles that can be used by fish farmers in the management of their fish stocks.
The purpose of this publication is to examine the parasites which affect the raising of fish for human consumption in commercial aquaculture production systems, how they are monitored, and the current treatments available, as well as other management methods in order to encourage responsible use of parasiticides.
Antimicrobials have made a major contribution to fish health and welfare. They are vital medicines for the treatment of bacterial infections in fish.
The emergence of antimicrobial resistance as a serious problem in human medicine has prompted concerns about the potential for crossover of resistant bacteria from livestock to the human population and the associated possibility of this impacting on the effectiveness of medical antimicrobial treatments.
These guidelines aim to review the use of antimicrobials and to establish practical strategies to enable farmers, including fish farmers, to reduce the need for their use. They advise on all aspects from application and responsibilities of the farmer, feed manufacturer and veterinary surgeon, to strategies for reducing the need for usage.