Archive for the ‘ruma-guideline’ Category

Responsible Use of Antibiotics in Farm Animals – general guidance

Information Note on Antibiotic Resistance and the Responsible Use of Antibiotics in Farm Animals

RUMA’s briefing paper aims to:

  1. Explain antibiotic resistance and why it matters to human and animal health
  2. Set out why and how antibiotics are used in UK farms
  3. Identify the risks to public health from use of antibiotics in farming
  4. Explain the responsible use of antibiotics in farming
  5. Identify the changes in legislative controls (for antibiotic use in veterinary medicines and feed additives) that RUMA believes are appropriate and proportionate to manage the limited risk of antibiotic use in farm animals leading to clinical treatment problems in humans

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Responsible Use of Antimicrobials in Sheep Production

The full version of the guidelines for Responsible use of Antimicrobials in sheep production are currently under revision.

RUMA guidelines for the responsible use of antimicrobials by sheep farmers have been designed to give easy-to-read guiding principles that can be used by sheep producers in the management of their flocks. Antimicrobials have, for decades, made a major contribution to continually improving sheep health and welfare. As such they are vital medicines for the treatment of bacterial infections in sheep.

The emergence of antimicrobial resistance as a serious problem in human medicine has prompted concerns that a crossover of resistance or resistant bacteria from livestock could take place into the human population (and vice versa). If this occurred the effectiveness of some medical antimicrobial treatments could be compromised.

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Responsible Use of Antimicrobials in Poultry and Game Production

These guidelines have been produced by British Veterinary Poultry Association for producers, veterinarians and advisers. They meet the RUMA principles for the responsible use of medicines and as such RUMA supports their use and promotion in the UK poultry sector.

Responsible Use of Antimicrobials in Pig Production

Antibiotics are important medicines, used under veterinary direction, to treat sick animals; they are an essential tool to protect pig health and welfare. The vet will ensure the treatment is responsible, that it is appropriate for the farm and the current health situation in the pigs being treated.

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Responsible Use of Antimicrobials in Dry Cow Management

All dairy farmers must be totally committed to producing safe food. Dairy farmers should together with the farm’s veterinary surgeon draw up, implement and regularly review a herd health plan that outlines routine preventive measures (e.g. milking machine testing, teat dip, parlour hygiene) and disease control policy, including dry cow therapy.

Dry Cow Management is an essential part of a dairy farmer’s routine to ensure the health and welfare of their cows. The dry cow period is a high risk time for acquisition of new bacterial infections. The current concerns over the use of antibiotics and possible implications with antimicrobial resistance mean it is timely to review the concept of treating all cows at the end of lactation to both prevent new infections and treat any existing infections.

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Responsible Use of Antiparasitics in Aquaculture

The purpose of this publication is to examine the parasites which affect the raising of fish for human consumption in commercial aquaculture production systems, how they are monitored, and the current treatments available, as well as other management methods in order to encourage responsible use of parasiticides.

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Anthelmintics in Pigs

Parasitic worms in the pig are an important though often overlooked problem that can significantly reduce productivity and growth rates as well as causing noticeable clinical disease in some cases. Worms can affect the digestive system and the respiratory system, the latter by direct damage due to the pig lungworm or more commonly indirectly as migrating worm larvae pass through the lungs on their way back to the gut.

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Responsible Use of Antimicrobials in Fish Production

Antimicrobials have made a major contribution to fish health and welfare. They are vital medicines for the treatment of bacterial infections in fish.

The emergence of antimicrobial resistance as a serious problem in human medicine has prompted concerns about the potential for crossover of resistant bacteria from livestock to the human population and the associated possibility of this impacting on the effectiveness of medical antimicrobial treatments.

These guidelines aim to review the use of antimicrobials and to establish practical strategies to enable farmers, including fish farmers, to reduce the need for their use. They advise on all aspects from application and responsibilities of the farmer, feed manufacturer and veterinary surgeon, to strategies for reducing the need for usage.

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